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By James W. Murray (auth.), Erol İzdar, James W. Murray (eds.)

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L 38 which yields w. 8. ) of about 10 days for o the convective layer. OOl cm s at the convective layer interface. Then 2 the Richardson number becomes Ri. = <3b h/w. ~ 2000 for the Black Sea convective layer. >240, which seem to be the present case. Based on the results of Fernando (1987), we can only conclude that probably a fair amount of time (on the order of the mean residence time of the basin) has passed since the time of initial formation of the convective layer. Since that time, the mixing layer has been growing slowly and mixing with the overlying waters only through molecular diffusion.

I I~.. 100 ,',' "", . 8 Ii \ lines) and light transmission Station 7, Leg 4. Data from are superposed with shifted of profiles are indicated by I: '-. i .. ' ,~:;~~~=~----- I potential temperature ( °C) I ' I 70 Figure 6. ) (dashed lines) versus pressure (decibar) at three repeated casts at the same station profiles (the amount of shifting for each set the thin vertical lines on the left). --.... :... I potential temperature (0 C) I Figure 7. ) (dashed line) versus pressure (decibar) at Station I, Leg 3.

Codispoti, L. A. and Izdar, E. (1989) 'Unexpected Changes in the Oxic/Anoxic Interface in the Black Sea', Nature, 338, (6214), 411-413. Murray, J. , Top, Z. and Ozsoy, E. (1990) Hydrographic Properties and Ventilation of the Black Sea, Submitted, Deep-Sea Research. , Latif, M. , Sur, H. uata, U. (1990) 'On the Dynamics of the Southern Black Sea', (this volume). Ostlund, H. G. (1974) 'Expedition Odysseus 65: Radiocarbon Age of Black Sea Water', in: Degens, E. T. and Ross, D. (editors) The Black Sea Geology, Chemistry and Biology, The American Association of Petroleum Geologists, Memoir No.

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