Download Bahrain by Carol Ann Gillespie, Manufactured by Chelsea House PDF

By Carol Ann Gillespie, Manufactured by Chelsea House

Discusses the geography, heritage, humans, tradition, financial system, and way forward for Bahrain.

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Even though these monthly payments were very small, they allowed the rulers for the first time to be financially independent of their people. This allowed the rulers to become generous to their people without taxation. Rulers were the major recipients of oil income. Typically, rulers distributed large sums of money to various developmental projects. The government of Bahrain used much of the oil revenues to create new departments. The extra investment helped the educational system to expand. For example, in 1930 there were 500 students enrolled in Bahrain’s educational system, but by 1938 the number had tripled.

Portuguese domination of the gulf reached its peak during the second half of the 16th century. During this time they were in total command of the important spice and silk routes to the Orient. While under foreign control, Bahrain became the most important place on the Arabian coast. Maintaining control was not an easy task for the Europeans. The Portuguese were constantly challenged by local forces anxious to regain their lost territory. In 1602 local traders successfully rose against the Portuguese and drove them from the islands.

Many other changes were occurring in Bahrain. q 4/15/02 1:27 PM Page 43 Bahrain Through Time left their trade to work in the oil fields, where they were joined may many of the country’s farmers. Traditional settlement patterns and ways of life began to disappear, as people moved from rural villages to the growing cities where wage-paying jobs could be found. As old problems disappeared, new problems seemed to spring up like dust rising in a desert storm. For example, when American engineers arrived in 1936 to build a new refinery, Bahrain’s merchants prospered, and many young men found good jobs in construction.

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