By Immanuel Kant
Anthropology, background, and schooling, first released in 2007, includes all of Kant's significant writings on human nature. a few of these works, that have been released over a thirty-nine yr interval among 1764 and 1803, had by no means sooner than been translated into English. Kant's query 'What is the human being?' is approached in some way in his recognized works on metaphysics, epistemology, ethical and felony philosophy, aesthetics and the philosophy of faith, however it is approached at once in his broad yet much less recognized writings on actual and cultural anthropology, the philosophy of background, and schooling that are accrued within the current quantity. Kant again and again claimed that the query 'What is the human being?' can be philosophy's so much primary hindrance, and Anthropology, historical past, and schooling should be visible as successfully providing his philosophy as an entire in a well-liked guise.
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The remainder of the second section of the Obseroations relates Kant's distinction between beautiful and sublime moral characters to the traditional division of characters into phlegmatic, melancholic, sanguine, and choleric; the most interesting point here is his characterization of the melancholic, not as someone who deprives himself of the joys of life, but as someone who "subordinates his sentiments to principles," and who therefore makes his desires "the less subject to inconstancy and alteration the more general this principle to which they are subordinated is [...
The book was thus written at the end of the period of exceptional productivity in which Kant had composed The False Subtlety of the Four Syllogistic Figures (I 762 ), the Inquiry concerning the Distinctness ofthe Principles ofNatural Theology and Morality (also I 762, although not published until I 764, when it was published by the Berlin Academy of Sciences as the runner-up to Moses Mendelssohn's essay On Evidence in the Metaphysical Sciences, which was awarded the first prize in the Academy's I 762 competition on the question of whether philosophy could employ the mathematical method), the Only Possible Argument in Support ofa Demonstration of the Existence of God (I 763), and the Attempt to Introduce the Concept of Negative Magnitudes into Philosophy (I 763).
Meanwhile, as the love of humankind grew cold in him, the diligence of his prayers and religious devotions increased. After this confession, he goes on to recount: One evening, as I did my sums by my lamp and calculated the profit of my business, I was overcome by sleep. In this condition I saw the angel of death come upon me like a whirlwind, and he struck me, before I could plead against the terrible blow. I was petrified as I became aware that my fate had been cast for eternity, and that to all the good I had done, nothing could be added, and ftom all the evil that I had done, nothing could be subtracted.