Download Adolescent Addiction: Epidemiology, Assessment, and by Cecilia A. Essau PDF

By Cecilia A. Essau

Adolescent habit: Epidemiology, overview, and remedy provides a complete evaluate of knowledge on adolescent habit, together with incidence and co-morbidity premiums, hazard components to dependancy, and prevention and remedy innovations. in contrast to different books that can concentrate on one particular habit, this e-book covers quite a lot of addictions in youngsters, together with alcohol, hashish, tobacco, consuming, playing, net and games, and intercourse habit. meant to be of sensible use to clinicians treating adolescent dependancy, the ebook includes a wealth of data that would be of use to the researcher to boot. a world viewpoint is supply from overseas members, representing the united states, Canada, the united kingdom, New Zealand, and Australia. * accomplished with the state of the art info on very important and the commonest adolescent habit* effortless to appreciate and arranged chapters* Written through overseas specialists

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Additional info for Adolescent Addiction: Epidemiology, Assessment, and Treatment (Practical Resources for the Mental Health Professional) (Practical Resources for the Mental Health Professional)

Sample text

Physiological Dependence Debate The DSM-III requirement of a physiological criterion being present for a dependence diagnosis was controversial, but the debate continues. Perhaps the physiological criteria have been emphasized because they resemble a biological marker for the disease (Cottler and Compton, 1993). , 1995a). In fact, it has been reported that the withdrawal criterion fails to distinguish persons 24 Ridenour et al. , 2000). , 2001). The emphasis and role of withdrawal has been more controversial than tolerance due to several factors.

2003; Hasin and Grant, 2004). Additional studies have attempted to elucidate the levels of addiction severity that are associated with different DSM criteria. Langenbucher and colleagues (2004) found that in a sample of addiction treatment patients, the levels of severity associated with specific criteria differed between alcohol, cannabis and cocaine. Moreover, many of the dependence criteria were associated with less addiction severity than abuse criteria, but the addiction severities differed between drugs for most criteria.

Dependence diagnoses were further specified as either physiological (with tolerance or withdrawal) or non-physiological. CURRENT SUBSTANCE USE RELATED CLASSIFICATION SYSTEMS Two co-existing classification systems are widely used to diagnose substance related disorders. The American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders – IV (DSM-IV; APA, 1994) remains the current dominant taxonomy in the United States for mental health diagnoses. The International Classification of Diseases – 10 for research (ICD-10; WHO, 1993a), developed by the World Health Organization, is used to guide mental health diagnoses predominantly outside of the United States.

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