By Muhktar Abduyev
In his sped up Reclamation of Alkaline Argillaceous Soils of Azerbaijan, Professor Mukhtar Abduyev describes the tackling of a original challenge which had huge, immense implications for Azerbaijan's safety of meals provide. the duty used to be to discover extra effective equipment of reclaiming the saline soils that coated greater than 60% of the republic's lowlands - a few 2.5 million hectares have been proof against development. latest tools of reclamation concerned big quantities of water for leaching and the development of intensive drainage platforms; those tools might soak up to ten years to turn into potent. Prof. Abduyev more often than not followed a pragmatic medical technique, getting to know numerous equipment of salt elimination and their influence on soils and the vegetation to be grown in them. He used to be additionally a hugely revered instructor and was once without delay focused on box investigations, while delivering management and invaluable hands-on event for graduate scholars and examine employees. Prof....
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Additional resources for Accelerated Reclamation of Alkaline Argillaceous Soils of Azerbaijan
S. Nunuparov, 1954) and positive results have been obtained in acceleration of ground water outflow, removal of salts, and desalinization of soil grounds. The network of experimental research work has also been expanded in the Kur-Araz lowlands, which have been the object of broad reclamation efforts. Teymurov, 1958) and Karabakh steppes (Ministry of Water Economy, Ministry of Agriculture of the USSR, the Institute of Soil Science (Paedology) and Agrochemistry of the Academy of Sciences of the Azerbaijan SSR, and the Azerbaijan Scientific Research Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Reclamation), and research work has been reopened in South Mughan (Azerbaijan Scientific Research Institute of Hydraulic Engineering and Reclamation).
Abduyev, 1959, 1962, 1966, 1968) as one of the specific peculiarities of soils having low salt removal efficiency. This circumstance caused concern among the workers of the Ministry of Reclamation and Water Economy and the Ministry of Agriculture of the Azerbaijan SSR. Recognizing this, and with a view to verifying results of our earlier small-plot experiments, we considered it necessary to select a production experimental locality in the territory of the given massif. Figure 1. System of irrigation of territory undergoing reclamation A site with area 50 hectares was chosen for experimental leaching.
Ground waters in the outcrop zone in East Shirvan are strongly mineralized (40-60 g/l), which contributes to the catastrophically strong salinization of the soils. In some cases, particularly within inter-cone depressions of the Shirvan steppe, the soils tend to have a suberous texture when irrigated. The border zone of river debris cones is sharply different from the previous zones. Soils with argillaceous mechanical composition tending toward a tuberous type, frequently with high salinity and alkalinity, are widespread there.