Download A Century of Ecosystem Science:: Planning Long-Term Research by National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life PDF

By National Research Council, Division on Earth and Life Studies, Polar Research Board, Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology, Committee to Review the Gulf of Alaska Ecosystem Monitoring Program

This document offers counsel to the Gulf surroundings tracking (GEM) application to assist make sure that it really is according to a a technological know-how plan that's strong, far-reaching, and scientifically sound. The document commends the Trustee Council for its foresight in atmosphere apart money to create a belief fund to supply long term study aid; it notes that the GEM application bargains an unheard of chance to extend figuring out of the way huge marine ecosystems functionality and alter through the years. The record outlines components of a valid long term technology plan, together with conceptual origin, scope and geographic concentration, organizational constitution, group involvement, facts and knowledge administration, and synthesis, modeling, and assessment

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Extra info for A Century of Ecosystem Science:: Planning Long-Term Research in the Gulf of Alaska

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Unlike the GEM program, SALSA has no money of its own: Government agencies intend to provide data management capacity and to encourage and enhance scientific collaboration. PDF>. 5. PSAMP (Puget Sound Ambient Monitoring Program) documents are not billed as a science plan, but they demonstrate how one group has justified the use of indicators in a marine system. “Monitoring and research are vital to understanding the status of Puget Sound’s health. The Puget Sound Ambient Monitoring Program (PSAMP) brings together local, state, and federal agencies—coordinated by the Action Team—to assess trends in environmental quality in the Sound.

There seems to be a critical change in the thinking about the GEM program—from a long-term scientific program driven by a cascade of hypotheses that would determine what, where, and when measurements should be taken—to a program driven by the need to conduct studies in a range of habitats and locations of dubious scientific connection. If this change in emphasis is implemented, GEM is unlikely to fulfill its potential and make unique contributions to improving our understanding of the structure and functioning of a marine ecosystem.

Develop a whole-ecosystem fishery model as a guide to think about what needs to be monitored. Such a model would use current and historical data to relate yields to climate data and contaminant levels and might stress biological and physical endpoints (zooplankton and phytoplankton blooms, macrofauna populations) and climate and physical oceanography endpoints, in conjunction with modeling. • Identify indicator taxa for monitoring. Species should be selected based on the ability of monitoring information to provide information on ecosystem functioning, not solely to reflect economic value or political importance.

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